By Benny Morris
This heritage of the foundational warfare within the Arab-Israeli clash is groundbreaking, aim, and deeply revisionist. A riveting account of the army engagements, it additionally makes a speciality of the war's political dimensions. Benny Morris probes the causes and goals of the protagonists at the foundation of newly opened Israeli and Western documentation. The Arab side—where the information are nonetheless closed—is illuminated with the aid of intelligence and diplomatic materials. Morris stresses the jihadi personality of the two-stage Arab attack at the Jewish neighborhood in Palestine. all through, he examines the dialectic among the war's army and political advancements and highlights the army impetus within the production of the refugee challenge, which was once a derivative of the disintegration of Palestinian Arab society. The booklet completely investigates the function of the nice Powers—Britain, the us, and the Soviet Union—in shaping the clash and its tentative termination in 1949. Morris appears either at excessive politics and basic employees decision-making procedures and on the nitty-gritty of strive against within the successive battles that resulted within the emergence of the nation of Israel and the humiliation of the Arab international, an embarrassment that underlies the ongoing Arab antagonism towards Israel.
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Additional info for 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War
In October-December 1917 the invading British army, under General Edmund Allenby, conquered the southern half of the country, including Jerusalem. The following September, after smashing the Turkish lines north of Jaffa, the British took Samaria and Galilee and then pushed on to Damascus and Aleppo, forcing a Turkish surrender and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The British had been assisted, from summer 1916, in a minor way, by a well-remunerated revolt ofArab tribes in Hijaz, led by the Hashemite family; their camel-borne army drove northward through Transjordan in parallel with Allenby's northward advance through Palestine.
In May 1939 Whitehall issued a new white paper. It promised Palestine's inhabitants statehood and independence within ten years; severely curtailed Jewish immigration, limiting it to fifteen thousand entry certificates per year for five years, with all further Jewish immigration conditional on Arab approval (thus assuring an overwhelming Arab majority when independence came); and significantly limited Jewish land purchase. In sum, this amounted to a complete reversal both of the Balfour Declaration policy and its muchmodified translation, the Peel Commission recommendations: Palestine was to remain Arab, and there would be no Jewish state.
Over the years, I have consulted my friend and colleague Yoav Gelber about this or that aspect of 1948, and he has always been generous with his time and knowledge. I extend my thanks to Georges Borchardt for steering this work through the shoals of the publishing world to the safe and proven shores of New Haven and, at Yale University Press, to Jonathan Brent for taking me aboard and to Annelise Finegan for chaperoning the work through the production process. Working with them was a rare pleasure, as was working with Laura Jones Dooley, who brought great skill and experience to the editing.