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By J L Bintliff

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This cultural framework originated once . . and has persisted (perhaps with some modifications) in different groups after migrations separated them The Coherence of Cultural Traditions As Clarke pointed out (see above), the through-time reality of cultural traditions, whether at the level of individual artefacts and artefact types, or at the level of ‘‘cultures,’’ depends on continued patterns of correlation between the elements of the entity concerned. Clearly, there will be different factors leading to the maintenance or disintegration of these diachronic patterns of correlation between sets of attributes characterizing a particular artefact type, or between practices in different areas of life.

If past demographic patterns had been relatively unchanged, representing a slowly rising growth trend as often assumed, these demographic phenomena would not make much difference. However, it has become increasingly clear that past populations have been much more dynamic than we appreciated until the advent of modern genetic studies, which have enabled the identification of bottlenecks and expansions. Other processes of potential change to cultural trajectories may be more conscious. Just because someone has learned from their parents a particular way to make an arrowhead, for example, or the best time to plant a crop, it does not mean they will always follow it.

Peoples . . this cultural framework originated once . . and has persisted (perhaps with some modifications) in different groups after migrations separated them The Coherence of Cultural Traditions As Clarke pointed out (see above), the through-time reality of cultural traditions, whether at the level of individual artefacts and artefact types, or at the level of ‘‘cultures,’’ depends on continued patterns of correlation between the elements of the entity concerned. Clearly, there will be different factors leading to the maintenance or disintegration of these diachronic patterns of correlation between sets of attributes characterizing a particular artefact type, or between practices in different areas of life.

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