By Ellen Grigsby
Studying POLITICS is a entire exam of the sector of political technological know-how. Taking a comparative method, it examines various subfields of political technological know-how, together with tools, political concept, comparative politics, diplomacy, and U.S. politics. Exhaustive in its assurance of the fabric, interpreting POLITICS employs an intensive choice of packing containers, tables, charts, graphs, images, and cartoons to carry the reader's consciousness.
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Extra resources for Analyzing Politics: An Introduction to Political Science
As you will see in later chapters, democracies can have parliamentary or presidential structures, two political parties or multiple political parties, a written constitution or no written constitution, and judicial review or the absence of judicial review. Democracy does not ‘‘repeat’’ perfectly from one system to the next. This makes a science of democracy more tentative than sciences of matter, which can be studied under laboratory conditions. A similar problem of limited repeatability plagues political science studies that attempt to make precise predictions of political outcomes.
How could we operationalize and identify indicators for political participation? We could poll individuals and inquire about not only such activities as voting, but also joining interest groups, identifying with a political party, writing petitions, attending demonstrations, debating political issues, and the like. In addition to testing hypothetical relationships, political science also points to the importance of understanding the difference between correlation and causation. Correlation is a relationship in which changes in one variable appear when there are changes in another variable (for example, lower voting appears with younger age groups).
Will science be corrupted by bias if it is not value free? How relevant is political science? What are other sources of knowledge about politics? The questions are difficult ones, and political scientists often disagree on how best to answer them. 20 It seems that the historical debates refuse to die, as we will see as we examine the preceding questions in greater detail. 21 Scientists search for ways to identify, define, analyze, clarify, and understand the world. 22 Each of these pursuits—science, spirituality, religion, art, and philosophy—may be conceptualized as ways of coming up with names and categories for what is considered to be real.