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By Cox E

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Then, balance calculator is com­ bined with LP model. The details of each production plan are shown in Fig. 2, 3, 4. And, there is batch production procedure in a part of petroleum refining. This area is lube plant operation. There are many kinds of feed and it is required not to contaminate each products from each feed. In other words, it is required to be short time feed change. Also, in this kind of operation, there are constraints which are very difficult to present quantitative equation. Then, as it is hard to apply LP in this area, expert system com­ bined with balance calculator is used.

Because, the number of parameters associated with the system matrix, objective function and right-hand side is too large to look at what happens as they change, A post-processor will be useful, which summarizes the results through which the decision maker can gain insight into underlying factors. Thus he will find the next task such as which parameter change is to be tested, what alternative assumptions are to be tested, and so on. Furthermore, such post-processor is desired to be furnished that generates models which follow the longer range production planning; for example, those of middle and short range production planning.

It also highlighted the production units and areas where process changes would be most helpful. These included reducing cliangeover times, better scheduling of packing area operators, improving equipment availability, and modifying production campaigns to better meet needs with available equipment and manpower. A key point is that the detailed model allowed objective economic evaluation of these changes. There is often a strong reluctance to make such changes without having solid evidence of their economic and operational impact.

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